Ideal Target State of Map is the benefits of threat intelligence Organizations need to assess map the existing operational capabilities before implementing a threat intelligence program.
Map leverage the benefits of threat intelligence
Most importantly, organizations need to have foundation cyber security capabilities incorporated into the current IT infrastructure, such as configuration management, centralized SIEM capabilities, patch management, advanced malware detection and analysis capability, network activity monitoring controls, incident handling capabilities, and forensic investigation capabilities Map. These capabilities help the organization to utilize threat intelligence to its maximum level. Further, these capabilities also enable organizations in Identifying and assessing evolving threats. Organizations need to assess map the existing operational capabilities before implementing a threat intelligence program.
Some of the important capabilities that need to be assessed include the following:
• Identify IT assets that are most critical to the organization’s business operations, such as applications, publicly accessible infrastructure and servers, and various operational control systems.
• Identify valuable internal assets.
• Identify possible threat actors, their tactics, techniques, and procedures TTPs, and campaigns targeting the organization.
• Assess and evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the existing security system capabilities.
• Assess the ability of security professionals to monitor, detect, mitigate, prevent, and re-mediate various targeted attacks from possible adversaries.
• Identify operations and teams to support the threat collaboration environment.
• With the ever-evolving threat intelligence landscape, the organization needs to plan for adapting their processes to meet the emerging requirements.
Track Metrics to Keep Stakeholders Informed
Organizations need to define metrics for evaluating the threat intelligence throughout the progress of the project. Metrics play an import am role in assessing the success or failure of any threat intelligence program. Generally, organizations not only try to reduce the number of threats it is facing but also reduces the overall time and cost spent in detecting and mitigating security incidents. Many organizations follow a reactive approach for hunting and mitigating threats which drastically increases the risks and associated costs. Hence, organizations need to incorporate metrics to assess the current status of the overall threat intelligence program and identify various areas that need to be improved either through training or enhancing prevention and detection capabilities.
Also Read :- Types of Threat Intelligence
Following are some of the important metrics that need to be considered:
1. Time Taken to Detect Incidents
Time is one of the important metric for assessing success of a threat intelligence program. Faster detection of incidents at .an early stage reduces the damage caused and enhances the ability for faster remediation.
2. Encounter Rate
Encounter rate measures the number of relevant loCs received. Increase in the encounter rate increases the situational awareness of the organization. This awareness prepares the organization to efficiently and effectively defend against various evolving threats.
3. False-Positive Rate
False-positive rate measures the number of redundant indicators. Organizations need to use this metric to measure the efficiency and effectiveness of the intelligence collection process. The increase in false-positive rate reduces the accuracy and efficiency of threat intelligence.
4. Threat Classification
Threat classification helps in classifying the threat actor along with methods used to perform the attack. It describes various adversaries and their tactics.
5. Threat Escalation Rate
Increase in the threat escalation rate reduces the probability of attacks and further helps organizations in faster remediation of threats. This narrows the opportunities of a threat actor to perform the attack.
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6. Internal and External Incident Rate
Organizations need to compare the internal incident rate with the external rate to decide which intelligence needs prioritization, internal or external.
7. Success Rate of Threat Intelligence
Organizations need to measure the success rate of the threat intelligence program. To estimate the success rate, consider the number of threats detected and blocked, assign an estimated damage value for each threat, and finally calculate up-to-date cost savings and return on investment (ROI) values.
8. Feedback and Remarks
Organizations need to collect feedback scores on the quality of threat map disseminated to various stakeholders. Based on this feedback, organizations need to generate an aggregated feedback score that measures the overall quality of threat intelligence.
Questions related to this topic
- What is threat intelligence in cyber security?
- How do you analyze security threats?
- Why are security metrics important?
- What is a threat scenario?
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