Forensics Readiness refers to an organization’s ability to form optimal use of digital evidence during a limited period of your time and with minimal investigation costs. It includes technical and nontechnical actions that maximize an organization’s competence to use digital evidence.
Forensic readiness includes the establishment of specific incident response procedures and designated trained personnel to handle the procedures just in case of a breach. It enables a corporation to gather and preserve digital evidence quickly and efficiently with minimal investigation costs. Such a state of readiness along side an enforceable security policy helps the organization mitigate the danger of threat from employees and prepare preemptive measures. A forensically trained and well-prepared incident response team ensures proper reaction against any mishap and therefore the ability to handle evidence consistent with proper legal procedures for possible use during a court of law.
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An incident response team that’s forensically ready offers a corporation the subsequent benefits:
- It eases evidence gathering to act within the company’s defense just in case of a lawsuit,
- It enables the utilization of comprehensive evidence collection to act as a deterrent to insider threat and process all important evidences without fail.
- It helps the organization conduct a quick and efficient investigation within the event of a major incident and take corresponding actions with minimal disruption to day-to-day business activities
- It facilitates a well-designed, fixed and structured approach toward storage of evidence to scale back investigation expenses and time considerably and simultaneously preserve the all-important chain of custody.
- It establishes a structured approach toward storage of all digital information, which not only reduces the value of any court ordered disclosure or regulatory/legal got to disclose data, but also fulfils requirements under federal law (e.g., as a response to an invitation for discovery under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure).
- It extends the protection offered by an information security policy to hide wider threats of cybercrime, like property protection, fraud, or extortion.
- It demonstrates due diligence and good corporate governance of the company’s information assets, as measured by the “Reasonable Man” standard.
- It ensures that the investigation meets alt regulatory requirements,
- It can improve upon and make the interface to enforcement easier.
- It improves the prospects of successful action .
- It can provide evidence to resolve commercial or privacy disputes.
- It can support employee sanctions up to and including termination supported digital evidence (e.g., to prove violation of an acceptable-use policy).
- It helps prevent attackers from covering their tracks.
- It limits the value of regulatory or legal requirements for disclosure of knowledge .
- It helps avert similar attacks within the future.
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Forensics Readiness Planning
Forensics readiness planning refers to a group of processes required to realize and maintain forensics readiness. the subsequent steps describe the key activities in forensic readiness planning.
1. Identify the potential evidence required for an event
Define the aim of evidence collection and gather information to work out evidence sources which will help affect the crime and style the simplest methods of collection. Produce an evidence requirement statement together with the people liable for managing the business risk and therefore the ones running and monitoring information systems. Possible evidence files include IT audit and device logs, network logs, and system data.
2. Determine the source of the evidence
Forensic readiness should include knowledge of all the sources of potential evidence present. Determine what currently happens to the potential evidence data and its impact on the business while retrieving the knowledge .
Define a policy that determines the pathway to legally extract electronic evidence with minimal disruption
Devise a technique to make sure the gathering of evidence from all the relevant sources and its preservation during a legally sound manner, while causing minimal disruption to the work.
3. Establish a policy for securely handling and storing the collected evidence
Secure the collected evidence in such way that it’s available for retrieval whenever required within the future. Define a policy for safe storage and management of potential evidence also as define security measures to guard legitimacy of the info and evidence integrity whenever someone tries to access, use, move, or store additional digital information. within the parlance of investigators, this is often the method of continuity of evidence within the uk and chain of custody within the us . Document the records of who held and who had access to the evidence.
4. Identify if the incident requires full or formal investigation
Incidents are of various types. Estimate the event and evaluate it to see if it requires a full or formal investigation or are often neglected supported its impact on the business. Escalate an event as long as it’s a serious impact on business continuity.
Therefore, be able to justify any escalation to a full or formal investigation because it consumes resources also as time.
5. Train the staff to handle the incident and preserve the evidence
Incident management requires a robust and well-qualified workforce, so make sure that the staff has obtained appropriate training required for fulfilling their roles. it’s also necessary to make sure that staff members are competent to perform any role associated with the handling and preservation of evidence.
6. Create a special process for documenting the procedure
Special process of documenting is important to answer some questions also as support the answers it provides. Documenting the entire process also will , help recheck the method if it yields false results and supply a backup for future reference. it’ll also help present the evidence during a court of law.
7. Establish a legal advisory board to guide the investigation process
All investigation processes should have a legal stance and therefore the organization should seek legal advice before taking any action on the incident. this is often because some incidents may damage the company’s reputation. Form a legal advisory board consisting of experienced personnel who understand the company’s stance and may provide sound advice on the strength of the case and suggest further action.
The legal advisory board will help the organization to:
- Manage any dangers arising from the incident.
- File the incident legally and ensure proper prosecution.
- Understand legal and regulatory constraints, and suggest necessary action.
- Handle processes like reputation protection and PR issues.
- Design legal agreements with partners, customers, investors and employees.
- Investigate the company’s commercial and civil disputes.
Computer Forensics as a part of Incident Response Plan
Incident response is that the process of developing a technique to deal with the occurrence of any security breach within the system or network. It includes the formulation of security policies and goals of incident response, creation of the incident response team, analysis of threats, establishing the methods for detecting a breach, and preparing to combat threats and mitigate damages within the event of a security breach.
Organizations create incident response plans to accomplish goals like
- Develop and implement a robust security policy.
- Effectively monitor and analyze the systems and network traffic.
- Ensure operational logs and logging mechanisms,
- Handle the incidents during a way that minimizes damage and reduces recovery time and costs.
- Map the pathway for extracting evidence during a legally sound and acceptable manner.
- Define the role of an event response professional, like identifying how a breach occurred, the way to locate the tactic of the breach, and the way to mitigate the breach.
On the opposite hand, computer forensics may be a legal process of finding, gathering, analyzing and presenting the evidence during a court of raw to work out the culprit behind the incident. Organizations often include computer forensics in their incident response decide to track and prosecute perpetrators of an event .
Questions related to this topic
- What is security incident response?
- What are the five steps of incident response in order?
- What is incident response in digital forensics?
- What are the 4 phases of the incident response lifecycle defined by NIST?
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